Within the framework of Kyoto 1997 climate protection objectives, the EU defined a series of measures for the economical and sustainable use of resources. After prohibiting conventional fluorescent lamp ballasts in EU Directive 2000/55/EC, reducing hazardous materials content as part of EU Directive 2002/95/EC (RoHS), and regulating the disposal of discarded electronic devices in EU Directive 2002/96/EG (WEEE), the EU issued a framework directive, EU Directive 2005/32/EC, to define requirements for acceptable environmental design (eco-design) of energy-using products (EuP). In November 2009, this directive was replaced with an updated framework directive, EU Directive 2009/125/EC, relating to the eco-design of energy-related products (ErP). This change did not affect implementing measures already issued.
These Implementing Measures for consumer-sector lamps (244/2009 Domestic Lighting, part 1) and fluorescent and high-pressure discharge lamps (245/2009 Professional Lighting) reflect EU climate targets set at the beginning of 2007 that extend to 2020. Also the implementing measure 1194/2012, which will be implemented in 3 stages from 2013 to 2016, for the first time ever comprises of minimum requirements for lamps providing directional light and LED lamps (incl. LED modules), in pursuit of climate targets. The core objective of these ambitious goals is to reduce CO2 emissions in the EU by 20 % by 2020. In the professional lighting sector, reductions of just over 20 million metric tons of CO2 are being targeted and another 24 million metric tons in consumer lighting.